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This course is designed to provide the students with basic knowledge on the classical Greek, Roman and Medieval political thought with reference to the ideas of major philosophers, periods and modes of thought.
Classical and medieval political thought. Significance of Greek Thought on Modern Thinking. Pre-Socratics and Origins of Dialectic Thought, Political Ideas of Socrates and His Suicide, Plato and the Origins of Elitism, Allegory of the Cave, Philosopher Kings, Plato’s Understanding of the State and the People. Aristotle’s Understanding of Politics and Democracy, The Brutal World of Rome and the Political Thought Behind It. Christianity: Philosophy or Religion? Neo-Platonists and Gnostics, The Issues of Trinity and Duality, Christianity as the source of both dogmatism and Western Enlightenment.
Upon succesful completion of this course, a student will be able to
1. Understand and explain the mainstream political thinkers that shaped the ancient and medieval world.
2. Establish links between different ages or periods of history by mastering the development of the line of political thought in history.
3. Develop an extra-quantitative reasoning in raising and analyzing complex political problems.
4. Gain an important insight about the relationship between political thought and historical events.
5. Develop complex argumentation skills in speech and writing.