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This course aims to provide the students with basic knowledge on modern political thought starting from Renaissance to the Age of Enlightenment with reference to the ideas of major philosophers, periods and modes of thought.
Modern political thought from Renaissance to the Age of Enlightenment. Political ideas of Niccolo Machiavelli, Jean Bodin, Hobbes, Locke, David Hume, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Burke, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Hegel, and Karl Marx. State of Nature. Leviathan. Behemoth. The Kings and the People. The Idea of Popular Sovereignty. Transformation of the Patterns of Legitimacy. Decline of Aristocracy. Rise of Bourgeoisie. The Concept of Private Property. Wealth of Nations. Laissez Faire Economics. Where is the Invisible Hand? Industrial Revolution. Worker as a Political Identity. Historical Materialism. Surplus Value. False Consciousness. The Concept of Hegemony. Birth of Individual. Loss and Rebirth of Divine.
Upon succesful completion of this course, a student will be able to
1. Demonstrate knowledge on the mainstream political thinkers that shaped our modern world.
2. Establish links between different ages or periods of history by mastering the development of the line of political thought in history.
3. Develop an extra-quantitative reasoning in raising and analyzing complex political problems.
4. Gain an important insight about the relationship between political thought and historical events.
5. Develop complex argumentation skills in speech and writing.